A classification of landscape according to the processes that formed it. The footprints of wind, glaciers, climate changes and tectonic processes that shape the morphology through thousands to millions of years.


This structural geo-reading is an interpretation of the landscape from the deformation processes that originated them.

The Earth is subjected to forces that operate continuously, one of them is movement of tectonic plates, which interact causing intense processes of deformation, uplifting mountains, shape the relief and sculpture the landscape.

From the structural geo-reading it is possible to distinguish three domains: Magallanes Basin, Magallanes Fold and Thrust Belt and Patagonian Andes. Magallanes lies in a region of high tectonic activity: the Antarctic plate travels towards the northwest where it converges with the Scotia and South American plates, causing an intense compressive force responsible for building the Patagonian Andes.

High and steep mountains characterise the Andean landscapes widespread through the southwest of the region.

The magnitude of the tectonic force slowly decays towards the west until reaching the undisturbed, flat foreland. In between lies the Magallanes Fold and Thrust belt, a wavy array of parallel, elongated mountain ranges organised one after the next, facing the force of compression.

Finally, every orogen culminates with a basin, a depression of the topography that fills with sediments coming from the mountains, generating long and flat surfaces. The Magallanes Basin dominates the northeast of the region, originating the characteristic landscape of the Patagonian Steppe.

This geo-reading provides understanding of the landscape while evoking the magnitude of the force that created it, and the millions of years that took to shape it.